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Re: orion Essenes = 'osey hatorah?

stephen goranson wrote:
> In response to two posts:
> 1, F. Cryer stated that Philo did not know Hebrew. I quite agree! And I
> have written the same observation. But Cryer goes on to suggest that
> therefore Philo is of no help here. Though the evidence is not limited to
> Philo alone, Philo is indeed of use. In Quod Probus 75, he admits that
> something is not quite right about the Greek explanation he presents, but
> offers osios. He repeats the word in Quod Probus 91, Essaion = osaion. In
> De Vita Contemplativa 1 Philo associates Essenes with the "active life,"
> bios praktikos. In a text sometimes ignored, Apologia pro Iudaeis
> (Hypothetica), in Eusebius, Praep. Evang. 8.11.1, Philo wrote: "Our
> Lawgiver encouraged the myriads of his disciples to live in community:
> these are called Essenes, and I think they have merited this title because
> of their holiness [osioteta]." Myriads in community following what Moses
> taught, wrote Philo.

Cross also makes use of the Hypothetica and Quod Probus as indirect
evidence from Philo that the Eastern Aramaic HASEN/HASAYYA "holy ones"
and notes that the EA xsyh is used in 4QTLev.  This makes sense to me
since it explains both Greek forms, ESSAIOI and ESSHNOI.



taybutheh d'maran yeshua masheecha am kulkon

Jack Kilmon

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